Title I & LAP
What is Title I?
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, is officially labeled “Title I—Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged.” This legislation was signed into law in 1964 by President Johnson. The legislation is commonly referred to as “Title I, Part A,” or simply “Title I.” The Title I programs in our school district have been designed to support Bellevue’s most at-risk (high poverty) youth as we help them realize our district mission of achieving success in college, career, and life. Title I Schools (2017-18): Ardmore, Lake Hills, Sherwood Forest, Stevenson, Highland.
What is LAP?
The Learning Assistance Program (LAP) provides school districts with funding to supplement instruction for students who need academic support for reading, writing and math, or who need readiness skills to learn these core subjects. In the 2017-18 school year, all elementary schools will receive LAP funds to support K-4 literacy. High schools also use LAP funding to provide Graduation Assistance support to identified students.
How do Title I and LAP Programs Work?
There are three types of programs:
Targeted Title I: In a Targeted Title I building, the funds used by a school district and/or school must be directed to the education of students who are the most underperforming students in a building. These are the students who do not pass district or state assessments. (As an example, a Title I-qualified student in a Targeted Title I building might be a student who scored a Level 1 or a Level 2 in reading or math on the Measurement of Student Progress.) The rationale behind targeting support is that, although there are 35% or more students qualifying for free/reduced lunch, the impact of poverty on the entire school building does not warrant serving all students. Rather, the school’s Title I program should focus on the students who are struggling the most to achieve standard.
School-wide Title I: In a School-wide Title I building, the funds used by a school district and/or school can serve all students in a designated building. This is because the percentage of free/reduced lunch rate is or has exceeded 40% and the school has engaged in a year-long process to become a school-wide building. Once a school is a school-wide Title I building, it is always a school-wide Title I building, even if the free/reduced lunch percentage declines. A school-wide building can serve all of its students because the free/reduced lunch percentage is great enough to warrant a broader service model than a Targeted Title I service model.
LAP: In a LAP building, the funds used by a school district and/or school must be directed to the education of students who are the most underperforming students in a building. These are the students who do not pass district or state assessments. As with a Targeted Title I building, the rationale behind focusing support on the lowest performing students is that the impact of poverty on the entire school building does not warrant serving every student. Rather, the school’s LAP program should focus on the students who are struggling the most to achieve standard.
In general, any use of Title I or LAP funds must align with the school’s goals for improvement, which must be based on a comprehensive review of data and school needs. Further, funds must provide educational programs or materials that are in addition to basic education funding. This means the programs or materials funded through Title I or LAP must be on top of the basic education program that we provide all of Bellevue’s students.
How do schools use their Title I or LAP dollars?
In our elementary schools receiving Title I or LAP dollars, the funds are used for the following purposes:
- Facilitators—Facilitators are teachers on special assignment who assist the building principal, Instructional Leadership Team, and classroom teachers in examining data, identifying the most under-performing students, and designing and implementing interventions that will help the at-risk students meet or exceed grade-level standard. Facilitators also help the schools keep accurate student lists and report accurate information on a regular basis to the Title I and LAP offices.
- Reading Intervention Teachers – These teachers are specialists in providing instruction to students that focuses on building foundational reading skills, and comprehension within literature and informational texts. The Reading Intervention Teachers collaborate with classroom teachers, provide ‘push-in’ and ‘pull-out’ instructional groups, and examine reading data to determine effective methods of intervention for students who need additional academic support in reading.
- Professional Development—Professional development activities are designed by individual schools. All professional development activities focus on each school’s specific improvement goals and are intended to build teachers’ capacity for examining data, designing and implementing interventions, and teaching diverse student populations.
- Parent Involvement—Parent involvement is an important part of any school’s Title I or LAP program. Involving parents in the education of their children is an expected outcome when schools receive Title I or LAP dollars. Each school is responsible for developing and offering parent involvement events that are specific to each school’s parent group’s needs and interests. All parent involvement events are intended to help parents support the learning of their youth.
- Materials—Materials such as books or technology can only be made if the requested materials or technology has never been purchased using school district or other funding sources. Therefore, the materials typically purchased with Title I or LAP funds support the professional development goals or are supplemental curriculum materials that have not been used in other school buildings.
In our middle schools receiving Title I or LAP dollars, the funds are used for the following purposes:
- Support Classes—Support Classes in English, reading, writing, or math can be funded through Title I or LAP dollars if they are courses offered in addition to the basic education courses students take during a typical school year. Students take the courses in addition to their regularly assigned English, reading, writing, and/or math courses.
Middle schools with Title I and LAP dollars also use their funds for professional development parent involvement, and materials.
What is our progress?
All of our Title I buildings are committed to providing each and every student with an exemplary educational program that will prepare them for success in college, career, and life. To fulfill their commitment, staff members in every Title I building meet regularly to look at student work and review student progress. By looking at student work and reviewing data, they are able to determine how to best serve the needs of each student and support them to meet or exceed our standards in the core subjects of reading, math, science, and social studies. Additionally, school staff participate in school-specific learning through book studies, attend district-wide professional development offerings, and work with their grade-level or departments as ways to build their professional knowledge of promising practices for improving student learning. Bellevue’s Title I schools are excited to see the growth in student achievement over time that will result from the teachers’ efforts at developing their knowledge and skills.Measurement of Student Progress (MSP) and teacher quality data will help track this growth in student achievement.
Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)
On December 10, 2015, President Obama signed the bipartisan Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which replaced No Child Left Behind (NCLB) as the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). One of the changes in the law is that school districts are no longer required to provide Public School Choice or Supplemental Educational Services beginning in the 2016-17 school year.
Public School Choice
Students who have transferred to another school through Public School Choice may remain at that school through fifth grade. However, transportation will no longer be paid for or provided by the district beginning in the 2016-17 school year. No additional Public School Choice transfer options will be available.
Supplemental Educational Services
Supplemental Educational Services will no longer be offered beginning in the 2016-17 school year.
The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) has posted a plan detailing the transition from No Child Left Behind to Every Student Succeeds Act, available at http://www.k12.wa.us/TitleI/pubdocs/OSPI-AYP-SES-PSCTransitionPlan.pdf. More information about the federal law can be found at http://www.ed.gov/essa. If you have additional questions, please contact Lynne Simpson in the Title I office at firstname.lastname@example.org or 425-456-4110.
Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) Request for Public Records
If you are a parent of a student at a school that receives Title I funds, you have the right to know the professional qualifications of the classroom teachers who instruct your child. Federal law allows you to ask for certain information about your child’s classroom teachers, and requires us to give you this information in a timely manner if you ask for it. Specifically, you have the right to ask for the following information about each of your child’s classroom teachers:
Whether the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) has licensed or qualified the teacher for the grades and subjects he or she teaches.
Whether OSPI has decided that the teacher can teach in a classroom without being licensed or qualified under state regulations because of special circumstances that have caused OSPI to waive the licensing or qualification criteria.
The teacher’s college major; whether the teacher has any advanced degrees and, if so, the subject of the degrees.
Whether any teachers’ aides or similar paraprofessionals provide services to your child and, if they do, their qualifications.
Schools in the Bellevue School District that receive Title I funds for 2017-18 are: Ardmore Elementary, Highland Middle, Lake Hills Elementary, Sherwood Forest Elementary, and Stevenson Elementary. Title I under the No Child Left Behind federal law distributes funding to schools with a high percentage of students from low-income families.
If you would like to receive any of this information, please submit your written request to our Data Compliance Specialist, 12111 NE 1st Street, Bellevue, WA 98005.